Terroirs and climate
Terroirs, countryside, climate, soil … terrific diversity
A huge diversity of soils
There’s a huge diversity of soils in the Languedoc depending on where you are : terraces of rolled pebbles or shingle, sandstone and marl, limestone and schist, clay, fine sandy soil, basalt …they are what make each Languedoc terroir different from the next.
A typically Mediterranean climate
In the Languedoc, France’s southern-most region, the climate is predominantly Mediterranean. Summers are hot and dry, spring and autumn mild, even though morning frosts are not unknown in April. Winters are mild too, sunny, with temperatures rarely falling below freezing. Rainfall is low (the lowest in France is certain communes) whilst the omnipresent Tramontane wind helps prevent plant disease. These are ideal conditions for growing grapes. The Mediterranean influence is particularly felt at the far west of the area where the sea has a strong effect on the climate in the Cardabès and Limoux appellations.
Grapes with history
Those most associated with the Mediterranean region : Carignan; black Grenache, Syrah, Mourvèdre, Cinsault, Morastel; black Piquepoul and black Terret for red and rosé wines ; white Carignan, white Grenache, Maccabeu, Bourboulenc, Marsanne, Roussanne, white Piquepoul, white Clairette, Rolle, Tourbat and Viognier for white wines.